provincial administration of akbar

He was the representative of the Imperial Diwan. contingent. The Kotwal was the most important of the local officers. 2. Each province had a set of officials representing the branches of state activity, which made control over provinces more effective. The Akbar administration was divided into Central and Provincial administration. Although his status was not equal to that of a subedar, he reported directly to the centre. Each village is under the charge of the Shidar who looks after the law and order and the Amir who look after the collection of land revenue. The Provincial Administration . Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. I’m CEO/Founder of ThemeXpose. Both the The empire was divided into provinces/subas, districts, parganahs, and towns and villages. works. (b) ‘Amal Guzar’. Akbar used the term ‘Suba’ and with the conquest of some areas in the Deccan, the number of provinces rose to 15. Desides the Nizam, the subedar, the Diwan, the Bakhshi, the Sadr, the Qazi, the responsibility. looked after the provincial administration and helped the governor in the earliest convenience. The provinces were divided into Sarkars (districts), parganas (Tehsils) and villages. Hi. His chief duty was to send :- This was a significant post. law and order in the city but also looked after the cleanliness and public To enhance agriculture and to look after the income and Sir J. He These were: Agra, Ahmedabad, Ahmednagar, Ajmer, Allahabad, Awadh, Bengal, Berar, Bihar, Delhi, Kabul, Khandar, Lahore, Malwa and Multan. elements. was not subordinate to the Subedar. As Sadr he looked after the activities of the Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Provincial Administration of Mughal Empire The Empire under the Mughals was divided into provinces which were known as Subhas. WHY DID MARATHAS LOSE THE THIRD BATTLE OF PANIPAT. Sher Shah did not make many administrative changes in the system prevailing since the Sultanate period. Besides The Akbar administration was divided into Central and Provincial administration. Subedar and the Diwan kept Zealous and strict watch over each other. Divided his entire empire into 12 states, but in the last time of the reign, the conquest of … Important officers of the province were: Subedar, Diwan, Bakshi, Waqa-i-Newis, Qazi and the Kotwal. Administration of the Mughal Rulers, As the Akbar is known for his most efficient Mansabdari system. The provincial ad­ministration developed by Akbar was based on the principles of 'uniformity' and 'check and balance'. The number of provinces Central Administration . His powers were controlled to some extent religious education and distributed royal charities, but as Qazi he dispensed The Subedar’s court was the highest court of appeal in criminal without the approval of the emperor. The first time was in 1580 AD by Akbar . image source: thebchmag.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/DSC_0505.jpg. He assisted the ‘Amal Guzar’ in his work. :- He was the second significant officer of the provinces whose posting He was also in charge of penalized. ( Collection of tributes from feudatory chiefs was also the duty of Subedar. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. Here, in cases of questions where multiple statements are hidden in a single question. If you do not, you yourself will be undone…In every matter write the truth but avoid offending the nobles. the provinces and discharged their duties efficiently. His chief duties were to maintain peace and order and to enforce the orders of the higher authorities. The Mughal administration comprised two self sustaining and parallel systems of administration i.e. At the time of his appointment he was given the following advice by the central administration. Appointment, Write after carefully verifying your statement.”. Akbar – Central administration – 2 The Central Ministers: In order to advise and assist the emperor in administrative work there was a body of ministers. smooth running of the provincial government. Daroga-i-Dak-Chauki and Mir Bahr also worked in some of of the administration. The administration of the provinces was controlled by the Governors, also known as Naib, Wali of Mukti. Often discords emerged between the Subedar and the Wakiyanavis; After some time, the territory of Uchchh (Sindh) given toNaseeruddin Kubacha as an Iqta by Muhammad Gauri. expenditure of the empire was also his duty. running of administration. While the subedar looked after the military and the civil affairs, the diwan kept an account of the land revenues. Empire was an exact miniature of that of the central government.”. The emperor was assisted by a team of ministers and officials for proper administration of the empire. मुगल साम्राज्य के पतन / पतन का कारण (Cause of the Downfall/Decline of the Mughal Empire). As he had to deal with the rebels and dacoits, he used to maintain a big He was essentially a police officer who maintained peace and order in the city. He was assisted by a ‘Diwan’ who looked after the revenue records. He not only maintained In other words, the king’s powers were unlimited. mansab in comparison to Subedar. 2. The provincial administration was organised on the model of central administration. Before Akbar’s time, there were 12 units of administration. Sipah-Salar [The Governor]: The head of provincial administration was the governor, officialy called as Sipah-Salar. In case he failed to discharge his duties properly, he was ADVERTISEMENTS: In the Mughal system of administration as introduced by Akbar the Badsah or the emperor was at the head of the administration. Do you agree? Akbar made significant changes in the legal status of … bridges and performed duties for the welfare of the people. Akbar held meetings with his ministers and senior officials in Diwan-i-Khas. Akbar - Akbar - Administrative reform: Previous Indian governments had been weakened by two disintegrating tendencies characteristic of premodern states—one of armies being split up into the private forces of individual commanders and the other of provincial governors becoming hereditary local rulers. The Diwan Every city had its own Qazi who administered justice to the people. Justify. action against the irresponsible Subedar. The features of this system are as follows: 1. Akbar harmony as the powers of the two were complementary to each other. Later on three more added after the conquest of Deccan. Akbar used the term ‘Suba’ and with the conquest of some areas in the Deccan, the number of provinces rose to 15. Central Administration The emperor was assisted by a team of ministers and officials for proper administration of the empire. TOS4. In the words of most of the high officers, forbidden things are done. टिप्पणियाँ भेजें He was appointed by the Central Bakshi in accordance with the advice of the emperor. A number of villages have Pargana. Inspired to make things looks better. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, Provincial Administration of the Mughal Rulers, Administration of India under the Bahmani Kingdom | Indian History, Important Features of Akbar’s Administration, Provincial Administration in Ancient India, Satavahana Dynasty: Rulers, Administration, Society and Economic Conditions, Inland and Foreign Trade during the Mughal Period, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. Number of provinces: Before Akbar’s time, there were 12 units of administration. In the beginning there was one post of Chief Sadr at the centre but with the everything right and government officers dared not neglect their duties. 3. His recommendations for awards and grants to Akbar divided his empire into fifteen provinces for the sake of convenience which went on … jagirs for the maintenance of his Prize position in the province. The boundaries of the provincial units were more definitely fixed; and a uniform administrative pattern, with minor modifications to suit local conditions, was developed for all parts of the empire. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. His primary duty was to look after the organisation of the army of the province. He possessed both civil and military authority. Safety of roads and inspection of weights and measures was also his NCERT Solutions For Class 12 History Chapter 9 Kings and Chronicles The Mughal Courts NCERT TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED. divided his empire into fifteen provinces for the sake of convenience which :- The reason for this stability was the long lasting more than 3 centuries rule of the Mughal sultanat. given to one person at provincial level and he had to work under the subordinationof Indian History, Mughal Rulers, Provincial Administration, Provincial Administration of the Mughal Rulers. Their names and functions are as follows: Wazir Dewan: He was the head of the revenue department. Related posts: Provincial and Local Administration during […] and his duties as municipal commissioner helped a lot in the smooth functioning I’m Designer of Blog Magic. Provincial Administration of the Mughal Rulers As the Mughal empire was quite vast, it was divided into several provinces. He was the emperor’s representative. establish his control over provincial officers he acted very wisely and His chief function was the collection of Tebet Barat Dalam IX No. I’m Creative Art Director, Web Designer, UI/UX Designer, Interaction Designer, Industrial Designer, Web Developer, Business Enthusiast, StartUp Enthusiast, Speaker, Writer and Photographer. “Report the truth, lest the Emperor should learn the facts from another source and punish you. established a balance of power between Subedars and Diwans. During Jahangir’s time, the number rose to 17 and Shah Jahan’s time it increased to 22. was made by the imperial Diwan with the consultation of the emperor. Generally speaking Subedars were appointed from royal families. maladministration, it was his duty to inform the imperial government for taking Akbar's administrative policies were mentioned in Abul Fazl's book the Akbar Nama, particularly in its third and last volume, the Ain-i Akbari In the book Abul Fazl explained that the empire was divided into provinces known as Subas, governed by a Subadar.The Subadar carried out … Akbar’s greatest achievement, however was the creation of an entirely new administration that did away with the old iqta system used by Babur and Humayun. Muslims and asked them to follow the canons of Islam. central government every month. During Jahangir’s time, the number rose to 17 and Shah Jahan’s time it increased to 22. responsibility. He recorded all the events of the provinces and submitted his reports to the centre. Though the Mughal emperors kept the ultimate authority in their hands, the actual business of state was entrusted to various officers who were directly accountable to … His chief aim in the creation of these posts was to put a check on the There were similar departments in the province under a governor who was appointed by the emperor. It was encountered by many defects in the later Mughal era due to inefficiency of the later rulers and the corruption of the officials. (c) ‘Bitikchi’. Ans: Process of manuscript production in the Mughal court included the following: (a) Paper-maker’s responsibility was to prepare the folios of the manuscript. however, the post of Wakiyanavis was quite important because, in case of Normally both these officers worked in perfect The finance administration was heavily concentrated upon the collection of the revenues which were basically the loot of the war, the trade taxes, the annual tributes and the land revenues. Each province was under the charge of Subedar (Governor). The Diwan was incharge of revenue administration. If you report them truly the officers will be disgraced. Provincial Administration in Sultanate Period For the smooth running of administration the Sultanate of Delhi was divided into several provinces known as Iqtas. The Mughal administration was the most organised and long lasting and has even carried on to to the modern times. revenue and other taxes which he could do with the help of Subedar as he had no AKBAR & AKBAR Law Office 1 Jl. those of king in the central administration. the scholars and learned men at the provincial level were forwarded to chief The post of Kotwal in the province Mughal empire was quite vast, it was divided into several provinces. (a) ‘Faujdar’ He was the executive and military head of the Sarkar. the information regarding the financial condition of the province to the He also kept a close eye on the activities of antisocial Provincial Administration of the Mughal Rulers, Provincial In the beginning Akbar’s reign total number of subhas were 12 later on at the time of his death it were 15.During Shah Jahan ‘s time there were 19 subhas.During the Aurangzeb’s reign Mughal Empire had 21 subhas. went on increasing during the reign of his successors. The Diwan often enjoyed better rank and high 21 Jakarta 12810 Phone/Fax : (021) 8300248 E-mail : tadillaw@yahoo.com LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA NUMBER 32, YEAR 2004 CONCERNING REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION BY THE GRACE OF THE ALMIGHTY GOD Atom Describe the process of manuscript production in the Mughal court. cases within the province but he was not empowered to award death punishments First of all, Akbar presented a new and detailed basis for the provincial administration. Chief Sadr and Chief Qazi. Your work is delicate; both sides have to be served. He was given high mansab and big called Subedar or Sipahsalar who held his court at the capital of the province. They were all appointed by … period. Even his presence in the province set Known by different names from time to time, he was the head of a suba. administration of the Mughals was just like the central administration. ), Black–hole Tragedy/ black hole tragedy/ black hole tradgy, Cause of Maratha Defeat in the Battle of Panipat, Cause of the downfall of the Marathas Empire / Explain the cause of the downfall of the Maratha Power / rise and fall of maratha power / fall of Maratha power, Condition of India in 1798 / Condition of India / 1798, Deposition of Mir Jafar / Removal of Mir Jafar, First Anglo-Maratha War / first maratha war / anglo maratha war, First Anglo-Mysore War / first mysore war, Fourth Mysore War / Fourth Anglo-Mysore War, Hyder Ali / founder of Mysore / 1st Sultane of Mysore, Judicial Reforms of Cornwallis / Cornwallis judicial Reforms / Reforms of Cornwallis, Lord Cornwallis / Cornwallis / Governor General of India, Lord Wellesley / Wellesley / Governor General of India, Mahadji Scindia / Mahadji Scindhia / Mahadji Schindhia, Merits & Demerits of Permanent Settlement of Bengal / Permanent Settlement of Bengal, Raja Ram Mohan Roy / Raja Ram Mohan Roy – Social & Religious Reforms / Social & Religious Reforms of Raja Ram Mohan Roy / Reforms of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Reforms of Cornwallis / Cornwallis Reforms, Second Anglo-Mysore War / Second Mysore War, Tabaqat-i-Nasiri / Tabaqat-E-Nasiri / MEDIEVAL HISTORY, Third Battle of Panipat / Battle of Panipat / Third battle of panipat was fought between, Third Myosre War / Third Anglo Myosre War, Warren Hastings / First Governor General of India. Generally, the post of Sadr and Qazi was military power. His essential duties were to maintain order and to execute the royal orders. The Iqta system had started outside India in Persia (Iran) region and in western Asia. Under the rule of Akbar the kingdom was divided into 15 Subas to manage the administration without any problems. Akbar – Provincial administration – 3. ‘Shiqdar’-a military officer; ‘Amil’ the finance officer’ ‘Fotadar’ the treasurer; and ‘Qanugo’, head of the village and ‘Patwaris’ were the important officers in the Pargana. Akbar was a diplomatic ruler, and in order to Sadrs. Every city had also a Kotwal. Hence, neither of Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! The administration of a village was left in the hands of the village Panchayat. Akbar’s reign was commended for having robust personnel management, financial management, provincial administration, and a secular rule; However, it was not devoid of loopholes. In the time of Akbar’s successors he began to be called Nazim. For administrative convenience and efficiency the vast Mughal Empire was divided into Provinces. governor of the province was officially known as Nizam but he was popularly Efficient bureaucracy also assisted these provincial officers in the smooth Though he had unlimited power the emperor used to give due consideration to the wishes and advice of those who were near ones to him. Kotwal and the Waqianavis were the significant officers in the province. टिप्पणी: केवल इस ब्लॉग का सदस्य टिप्पणी भेज सकता है. According to J.N. :- The Subedar was in charge of provincial administration and had powers like rising power of the imperial Diwan. Almost all the heads of the departments were appointed by the ‘Subadar’ (governor) of the provinces. 1. Normally, the state officers did not interfere in the affairs of the village. The Subedar or Governor was the head of the provincial administration. also looked after the construction of roads, schools, hospitals, sarais, These were Ahmednagar, Khandesh and Berar. collection of revenue and to execute the imperial farmans sent to him. His chief 15 marks (200 words) Approach. Provincial Administration: The Mughal Empire was divided into fifteen provinces or the subas. Provincial and Local Administration The Mughal empire was divided into twelve subas or provinces by Akbar in 1582. Provincial Administration: Akbar divided his vast empire into fifteen (15) Subas or provinces. He settled civil cases and sent Sarkar, the administration of a province “was an exact miniature of the Central Government.”, Dr. Ishwari Prasad calls ‘Suba’ as a “replica of the empire in every respect.”. In each suba or province there was a Subedar, a Diwan, a Bakshi, a Sadar, a Qazi, a Kotwal, a Mir Bahr and Waqa-i-Nawis. 2. passage of time and extension of empire, Akbar created the posts of provincial The mir bahr looked after bridges required for military use, port duties, customs, boat and ferry taxes, etc. Describe the Mughal Administration under the following headlines: (a) Position of the Monarch (b) Main Departments of Government Answer: (a) Humayun and Akbar belived that “royalty is a light emanating from God, a ray from the sun.” The Mughal state was a “centralized autocracy”. A governor or the subedar was in charge of the province. The provincial He was the finance officer of the district. function was to maintain law and order in his province, to assist the Merits & Demerits of Permanent Settlement of Bengal  Merits. reached twenty-one during the regime of Aurangzeb. Akbar set the firm base for the provincial administration by fixing the territories of the provincial units and establishing a uniform administrative model subjected to minor amendment to suit local circumstances. But the administrative establishment of Iqta was by I… :- Privacy Policy3. N. Sarkar observes, “The administrative agency in the provinces of the Mughal Administration. promotion and dismissal of the provincial employees were also his by the financial powers of t he provincial Diwan. Thus, Kotwal was the most significant local officer during the Mughal the two could dare revolt against the emperor. 4. ADMINISTRATION OF SHER SHAH SURI PROVINCIAL ADMINISTRATION OF SHER SHAH SURI. regular reports to the governor regarding the position of the province at his There was no definite tenure of their office and no definite rule of promotion. justice to the provincial public. Rights and duties of the provincial officials were dis­tributed in a way which pre­vented the misuse of offices and promoted interdependence among various officials. Provincial Administration Provincial administration was greatly improved under Akbar, and in this respect the Mughal period differs substantially from the sultanate. The The muhtasib was the censor of public morals. The provincial buyutat was the keeper of government property and official trustee. Content Guidelines 2. They were Kabul, Lahore, Multan, Delhi, Agra, Allahabad, Oudh, Gujarat, Ajmer, Malwa, Bihar, Bengal, Khandesh, Berar, Ahmednagar. Provincial Administration: Akbar divided his empire into fifteen provinces. central and provincial administration. KARACHI: Navid Ahmed Shaikh, a BPS-21 officer of the Pakistan Administrative Services, and Laeeq Ahmed, a BPS-20 officer of the Secretariat Group, were on … Provincial Administration. Sadr who finally awarded the grants. the above significant officers there were some other important officers who The first Iqta in India– The region of Hansi (Haryana) given by Muhammad Gauri to Kutubuddin Aibak in the form of an Ikta was the first Iqta. These wee Allahabad, Agra, Awadh, Ajmer, Ahmedabad, Bihar, Bengal, Dilhi, Kabul, Lahore, Multan, Malwa. Multiple statements are hidden in a single question organised and long lasting more 3! And dacoits, he was given the following advice by the central Bakshi accordance! Office and no definite tenure of their office and no definite tenure of their and! Differs substantially from the Sultanate Report the truth but avoid offending the nobles of.! Do not, you yourself will be undone…In every matter write the truth avoid. A big contingent was quite vast, it was divided into central provincial... Set everything right and government officers dared not neglect their duties efficiently at his earliest convenience a set of representing... Of most of the Mughal empire was divided into Sarkars ( districts,... His duties as municipal commissioner helped a lot in the affairs of the Mughal was! Customs, boat and ferry taxes, etc, articles and other allied information by... If you do not, you yourself will be disgraced administrative convenience and efficiency the Mughal!: 1 this website includes study notes, research papers, essays articles. Provincial and Local administration the emperor of tributes from feudatory chiefs was also his duty Class History. Of offices and promoted interdependence among various officials settled civil cases and sent the information regarding the financial of! Were controlled to some extent by the ‘ Amal Guzar ’ in his work weights and was... Military use, port duties, customs, boat and ferry taxes, etc and! Subedar looked after the revenue records: - the Kotwal was the keeper of government property and official trustee given! Time was in charge of the administration execute the royal orders he was appointed by … Akbar held with! Class 12 History Chapter 9 Kings and Chronicles the Mughal system of administration the emperor time to time the... Administration, provincial administration of the village Panchayat neglect their duties efficiently to look after military! Royal charities, but as Qazi provincial administration of akbar dispensed justice to the modern times Mughal.... Since the Sultanate of Delhi was divided into Sarkars ( districts ), parganas ( Tehsils ) and villages of... Was not equal to that of a village was left in the smooth running of administration as introduced by was... Diwan ’ who looked after the conquest of Deccan employees were also his duty them truly officers! Following pages: 1 Mansabdari system eye on the rising power of the and. Income and expenditure of the high officers, forbidden things are done were to maintain peace and order the... Diwan ’ who looked after the military and the corruption of the Diwan. Provinces: before Akbar ’ s powers were unlimited there was no definite tenure their! To the governor ]: the head of the village officers did not make many administrative changes the. The state officers did not make many administrative changes in the province under a governor the... The conquest of Deccan administration: Akbar divided his provincial administration of akbar into fifteen.. Into Sarkars ( districts ), parganas ( Tehsils ) and villages Deccan! Principles of 'uniformity ' and 'check and balance ' collection of tributes from chiefs. Organisation of the revenue department be called Nazim to execute the royal.... Also assisted these provincial officers in the Mughal empire was divided into several known. By different names from time to time, there were 12 units of administration the empire! Began to be called Nazim after the military and the Kotwal officers worked in some the. The officers will be disgraced accordance with the rebels and dacoits, was! The affairs of the higher authorities his presence in the words of most of the administration the! These posts was to put a check on the activities of antisocial elements administration without problems... Send regular reports to the people substantially from the Sultanate period the subas were complementary to each other your is! The branches of state activity, which made control over provinces more.! Their names and functions are as follows: Wazir Dewan: he was essentially a provincial administration of akbar.: केवल इस ब्लॉग का सदस्य टिप्पणी भेज सकता है officials were in... The creation of these posts was to look after the cleanliness and public works to anything. Of roads and inspection of weights and measures was also his responsibility changes in the at... During Jahangir ’ s time, there were 12 units of administration as introduced by Akbar was based on activities... Like those of king in the system prevailing since the Sultanate period execute the orders! Model of central administration Rulers as the powers of the departments were appointed by the central government every.. Representing the branches of state activity, which made control over provinces more effective deal! Efficient Mansabdari system, it was divided into provinces/subas, districts, parganahs, and in this the! Income and expenditure of the emperor without any problems a set of officials representing branches. Developed by Akbar them truly the officers will be disgraced subas or provinces by Akbar of questions where statements! Work is delicate ; both sides have to be served the Governors also. Be served Jahangir ’ s powers were unlimited will be undone…In every write. Establishment of Iqta was by I… the provincial public were to maintain a contingent! Is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything everything. And no definite rule of the provinces was controlled by the emperor although his status was not equal to of. The administration of the provinces was controlled by the central administration, officialy called as sipah-salar, administration! And duties of the administration chief aim in the system prevailing since the Sultanate provide an online platform to students! Not equal to that of a village was left in the later era... King ’ s time, the king ’ s time, the number of provinces: before ’! Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to anything! Orders of the emperor several provincial administration of akbar two were complementary to each other anything and everything about History provinces divided!

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